Thursday, October 23, 2014

Princess Alix has arrived at Livadia

October 23, 1894

Princess Alix of Hesse and By Rhine has arrived in Livadia reports the New York Times.  Upon her arrival, she received a telegram of welcome from the municipality of Moscow.  She sent a response by wire:

"I am deeply touched that the municipality of Moscow thought of me the moment I set foot upon the soil of my new home, so dear to me.  I have no doubt of the fervor of Moscow's prayers for the health of our beloved Czar.  May God help us."

The New York Times reports on the rumor that Princess Alix with marry the Tsarevitch tomorrow.

The Princess was accompanied by her older sister, Grand Duchess Serge, by train from Simferopol, and then traveled by carriage to Altushta, where she was met by her fiancé.  They stopped for lunch, and then resumed their journey through Yalta. 

The Tsarevitch and Princess Alix sat "side by side in the carriage," and as they passed through Yalta they were "enthusiastically cheered by the crowds which had gathered to greet them."

They arrived at Livadia at dusk.    Princess Alix made her way at once to the apartments of the Emperor and Empress. After spending some time with them, the Princess, accompanied by Empress Marie, and other members of the imperial family, proceeded to the palace's church to attend a service.

Grand Duke and Grand Duchess Wladimir have also arrived at Livadia.

Confirmed: Prince Maximilian dead

October 23, 1914

Prince Maximilian of Hesse, second eldest son of Princess Friedrich Karl of Hesse, youngest sister of the German Emperor, was "mortally wounded" on October 12 "in the hard fighting" near Mont Descats, according to the New York Times.

The dispatch from London was based on a report issued today by the Official Information Bureau.   

The 20-year-old Prince was buried on the "grounds of the monastery crowning" Mont Descats with three British officers and several German soldiers.

Carl Philip to marry Sofia on June 13, 2015

Photo: Erika Gerdemark,
The Swedish court has released the date of the wedding of HRH Prince Carl Philip of Sweden.
The wedding of Prince Carl Philip and Miss Sofia Hellqvist will take place on Saturday 13 June 2015. The couple have chosen the Royal Chapel at the Royal Palace of Stockholm as the venue for their wedding. 
"We are looking forward to a summer wedding in the middle of June, when Sweden is extremely beautiful," said Prince Carl Philip and Miss Sofia Hellqvist. "This will be a big day for us, and we are absolutely delighted."
The engagement between Prince Carl Philip and Miss Sofia Hellqvist was announced on 27 June 2014.
This will be the last royal wedding in Sweden for many years.   Thinking about going to Stockholm for this event (for all sorts of reasons). My 61st birthday is the following day.
Have never been to Stockholm, but it has been on my list of places to see.  Will what airfares are like after January 1 before making a decision.   It will be interesting to see who is invited (this is not state occasion, as Carl Philip is third in line to the throne), and if there will be crowds to cheer the newlyweds.

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Alexander takes a stroll

October 22, 1894

Emperor Alexander III took a brief stroll today in the park at Livadia, reports the New York Times.

One dispatch states:  "The Czar walked half an hour in the park today.  The doctors keep him out of bed as much as possible, so to maintain his moral energy and counteract the weakness of the heart, which is increased by lying in bed."

Rumors remain rife that the Emperor is dead and "his death is kept secret owing" to his son's "refusal to succeed."

Empress Marie is said to be doing better, "although her condition is precarious and pitiable."

Grand Duke Wladimir and Princess Alix of Hesse and By Rhine, the Tsarevitch's fiancée, are en route to Livadia and will arrive after midnight.

The King of Greece will leave for Corfu tomorrow. He has purchased new furniture for Mon Repos, "which is nearly ready for the occupancy of the Czar."

Another dispatch states that Alexander has "passed a good night and feels stronger today."

One German newspaper, the Lokal Anzeiger. is reporting that Princess Alix will be received into the Russian Orthodox Church tomorrow, and will be married on Wednesday in the present of Alexander III and the imperial family.

Prince Viggo and bride arrive in Copenhagen

October 22, 1924

Prince Viggo of Denmark and his American bride, the former Miss Eleanor Green, arrived in Copenhagen today, reports the Associated Press.

They were welcomed at the train station by King Christian X and Queen Alexandrine, Prince Waldemar, father of Prince Viggo; Prince Knud, Prince Axel, Prince Gustav and Prince Harold and Princesses Thyra, Helena and Margaretha.

Prince Waldemar kissed his daughter-in-law as she "alighted from the train.  Prince Viggo then introduced his wife to the King and Queen, who "affectionately kissed the bride.

Friends and officers of Prince Viggo "presented the Princess with a bouquet of flowers."  Thousands of people came out to cheer the couple as they drove through Copenhagen to have lunch at the palace with the king and queen and other members of the family.

In the afternoon, Prince and Princess Viggo  paid "official visits" and had tea with former Dowager Empress Marie Feodorovna of Russia.   A gala dinner in honor of the couple was planned for tonight, but due to the "serious illness" of Queen Dowager Louise, a more intimate dinner for the bride and groom and close family was held.

Prince and Princess Viggo will live for the time being with Prince Waldemar at Bernstorff,  which was "previously occupied" by Prince and Princess Axel.

Conflicting reports on Prince Maximilian of Hesse

October 22, 1914

There are conflicting reports to the fate of Prince Maximilian of Hesse, whose body was reported to have been found in northern France by French troops, reports the New York Times.   Another report from Berlin states that the Prince was only wounded in battle.

Prince Maximilian was born October 20, 1894, the second of six sons of Prince Friedrich Karl of Hesse and Princess Margarete of Hesse, youngest sister of Kaiser Wilhelm II. 

New heir to Spanish throne

October 22, 1904

The new heir presumptive to the Spanish throne is Don Alfonso of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, the three-year-old son of the late Infanta Maria del las Mercedes, who died on  following the birth of a daughter.

Infanta Mercedes's official title was Princess of Asturias, as she was the heiress presumptive to the Spanish throne. It was a title she held from birth.  Now succeeding her as heir presumptive to the 18-year-old King Alfonso XIII is Mercedes' eldest son.

It is not known if the little boy will be officially styled as the Prince of Asturias, which is Spain's only princely title.  Royal children are styled as Infants of Spain.  Infanta Mercedes's husband,  Prince Don Carlos of Bourbon-Two-Sicilies was styled as Prince of the Asturias.  He "bore the title by virtue of his consort's position" as heiress presumptive.  He will no longer be styled as Prince of the Asturias, and will be probably be known as Infante Carlos of Spain.

The Chicago Tribune notes that Spain has sustained a great loss by the death of the young Infanta, who would have succeeded to the throne as Queen if her mother's third child, the posthumously born Alfonso XIII, was born a girl.   King Alfonso XII died in October 1885, leaving  behind a pregnant widow, Queen Maria Cristina, and two young daughters, Mercedes, and Maria Teresa.

Should King Alfonso XIII die before marrying and having children of his own, his nephew would reign as Alfonso XIV with "another long regency" until the new king reached his majority at age 18.

Under the terms of the constitution, the late Princess of Asturias' sisters, Infanta Maria Teresa would be the regent for her minor nephew, and not his father, Don Carlos.   Infanta Maria Teresa, 22, is rumored to be engaged to her cousin, Prince Ferdinand of Bavaria.   Maria Teresa, of course, has "no experience whatsoever pertaining to the position," and might be subject to the political influence of her husband, which could create an intolerable position for young Alfonso's father.

Thus, King Alfonso's life has become "doubly precious" to his subjects.  At the moment, he enjoys a "greater degree of popularity than any of his predecessors on the throne."  At no time in Spain's history has the "throne been more securely established than at the present moment, occupied by Alfonso XIII."

Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Alexander III doing better

October 21, 1894

An official statement regarding the health of Alexander III was sent from Livadia at 8:00, according to the New York Times.

"During the last twenty-four hours the Czar has had rather more sleep than on his preceding days. He rose to-day with his usual appetite, is somewhat better generally, and is more composed than yesterday.  Otherwise his condition is unchanged."

Other dispatches say that Emperor of Russia has "rallied slightly," but residents of St. Petersburg have no confidence in the "official announcements.

The meagerness of the news bulletins has "left room for the craziest rumors, which multiply on every street corner and in every café."

The latest rumors include the Tsarevitch renouncing the succession, the Emperor is dead "and the fact is suppressed," and that the Grand Duke George "died two days ago."

Official bulletins have not dispelled the rumors.  The latest story is that Empress Marie Feodorovna's "mind has broken down under her many afflictions."

Restaurants and theaters remain open and crowded, as usual.  There are prayers throughout Russia in churches for the Czar.   In Moscow, the mood is similar.  The city is "grief-stricken," but nothing has closed.   

Grand Duchess freed by Germans

October 21, 1914

Grand Duchess Marie Adelaide of Luxembourg has been freed by the Germans, according to a letter sent by a Luxembourg citizen to the Excelsior news service, reports the Chicago Daily Tribune.

The letter also states that Kaiser Wilhelm II visited Luxembourg from September 2 through September 27th.  His suite included the Chancellor, Dr. von Bethmann-Hollwegg and Herr von Jagow, the minister of Foreign Affairs, as well as 400 officers.

Has the Duke of Brunswick been taken prisoner?

October 21, 1914

The New York Times is reporting that the Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, son-in-law of the German Emperor, may have been taken prisoner.  There is a definite "anxiety" felt in Brunswick on the Duke's whereabouts.

The Duke was leading a "squadron of hussars on the French front, when he was reported to have been "cut off from the German line."  It is "feared" that he may be a prisoner.

Prince Ernst Augustus of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg is married to Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia. Their wedding, at Berlin on May 24, 1913, was last grand affair before the start of the world war.  He succeeded to the Brunswick duchy on his marriage, after "promising loyalty to the German Empire."  This promise ended a feud that had lasted for many years between his father, the Duke of Cumberland, only son of the late King Georg V of Hanover, and Kaiser Wilhelm II.

Monday, October 20, 2014

Alexander III dying

October 20, 1894

There are "conflicting rumors" regarding the condition of Alexander III of Russia, reports the New York Times.   Official circles "profess to have no information or positively refuse to furnish any," and several Russian journals are sending reporters to Livadia.

Adding to the burden of confusion,  there are also reports that that the condition of the Emperor's second son, Grand Duke George, who suffers from consumption, is "very serious."  Some quarters say he "is dying."

A "special dispatch" from St. Petersburg to the Neue Freie Press in Vienna states that Empress Marie Feodorovna, who has spent every day at her husband's bedside, has suffered "a stroke of apoplexy."  Her elder daughter, Grand Duchess Xenia, has "broken down under the nervous strain," and is now confined to her bed.

Another report from St. Petersburg notes that "early in his illness," the Emperor had a long talk with the Tsarevitch, in which he "outlined the policies that should be pursued in foreign and domestic affairs."  He also told his son that he approves of his marriage to Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine, and the "marriage might take place without delay, in order that he might give his blessing to the couple before his death."

However, it is unlikely that Princess Alix will reach Livadia in time to be married before the Emperor dies.

The latest dispatch from St. Petersburg (1:30 p.m.) states that the Emperor's condition is "so grave," and there is little "ground for hope" that he will survive the next few days.

There are also reports that Alexander III died "last night," but there have been no official confirmation of this dispatch.

British royals to see baseball game

October 20, 1924

King George V, Queen Mary, the Prince of Wales and Prince Henry will attend the third of a series of baseball games between the New York Giants and the Chicago White Sox, reports the New York Times.

The games will be played at Stamford Bridge.

The first game will take place on October 24, which will be witnesses by the Duke and Duchess of York.  The proceeds for this game will be given to the King Edward VII Hospital fund.  The American Ambassador will be present to
"receive the royal guests."

Giovanna to wed Crown Prince Leopold

October 20, 1924

It will be Princess Giovanna, third daughter of King Vittorio Emanuele of Italy, and not her older sister, Princess Mafalda, who will marry the Duke of Brabant, heir to the Belgian throne, reports the New York Times.

The newspaper's article is based on an Italian newspaper, Il Mondo, which states that the engagement will be soon, "simultaneously with the announcement" of Crown Prince Umberto's engagement to Princess Marie-José, only daughter of the King and Queen of the Belgians. 

Princess Giovanna will celebrate her 17th birthday next month.  The Duke of Brabant, the eldest son of the Belgian king and queen, will turn 23 on November 3.

Prince Wolrad killed while on patrol

October 20, 1914

Prince Wolrad  of Waldeck und Pyrmont has been killed in "the western theater of the war while engaged in patrolling," reports the Chicago Tribune, which based on a dispatch from Dutch newspaper, the Handelsblad.

Prince Wolrad  was a half-brother of the Dowager Queen Emma of the Netherlands. 

The 22-year-old prince, whose full name was Viktor Wolrad Friedrich Adolf Wilhelm Albert, was the son of Georg Viktor, Prince of Waldeck und Pyrmont and his second wife, Princess Luise of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.

He died in action at Moorslede, Belgium, on October 17.

Prince Wolrad was the eighth child and youngest son of Prince Georg Viktor, but the only child by Georg Viktor's second marriage.  He was born at Arolsen on June 26, 1892.  His father died on May 12, 1893, leaving Princess Luise to raise her son alone.

The prince was unmarried.  He is survived by his mother, the Dowager Princess of Waldeck und Pyrmont, and five half-siblings: Princess Pauline (Princess of Bentheim and Steinfurt); Dowager Queen Emma of the Netherlands;  Princess Helen, Duchess of Albany; Prince Friedrich (who succeeded his father as the Prince of Waldeck und Pyrmont) and Princess Elisabeth (Princes of Erbach-Schonberg)

Margherita gives consent to marriage

October 20, 1908

The Rome correspondent for the Central News Service is reporting that Dowager Queen Margherita of Italy has "given her consent" to the marriage of the Duke of the Abruzzi to American Katherine Elkins.

The dispatch further states that King Vittorio Emanuele's wedding gift to Miss Elkins will be a diamond tiara worth $120,000.

Another report states that the two Italian cruisers have been "ordered to be in readiness to escort the cruiser, Europea, bearing the duke and his bride to Italy after their marriage."

The Duke "has disappeared from Turin," and it is believed that he is now en route to America, "sailing under an assumed name."

Reports of an engagement between the Duke and Miss Elkins is a surprise to Senator Elkins, who said today: "The information is news to my family and myself. We cannot say anything because we don't know anything about it."

Senator Elkins is the father of Katherine Elkins.